A large population in the developing world does not have access to modern energy services in their daily lives. Despite the fact that Kenya, as is the case with other African countries, having richness in fossil fuels and massive renewable energy potential. Access to energy remains to be one of the most pressing development challenges in Kenya. Thus, for Kenya’s Social and economic development in the 21st century, it is therefore imperative for the country to have access to affordable, reliable, clean and sustainable energy source.
Kenya plans to have four nuclear plant projects in the next ten years with the capacity to generate 1000MW each at a cost of KSH 500 to 900 billion per plant. Besides, Kenya has been an active member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1965 to date. IAEA is the body that develops guidelines for countries looking forward to adopt nuclear energy as an alternative source. By the year 2030 Kenya energy demands will be 50,000 MW .In addition according to united nations (UN) Kenya’s population is estimated at 45 million as of 2014 and is projected to be at 58.6 million by 2025 thus diversification of energy sources is inevitable.
So what is the impact of Nuclear Energy use in Kenya?
One of the negative impact associated with nuclear physics is the radiation, and the ongoing debate is that it’s harmful to human life. The technology adopted when establishing a nuclear plant takes into account these negative aspect thus making it less harmful to human lives,
The energy efficiency per atomic use of uranium which is the main elements used in nuclear science compared to the reaction after burning let say coal is 50 million times more energy. In other words burning coal and other fossil fuel, you would require tonnes and tonnes of coal to get the same amount energy generated from fusion of very small amount of uranium, not forgetting the waste involved in the coal process.
Like we have seen, the major issue with Nuclear power is the generation and how to manage long –lived radioactive waste. This problem can be managed by adopting mitigation approaches that are currently in use in South Korea’s nuclear plants which is the same prototype envisaged in Kenya case.
It is therefore imperative to note that energy diversification and adoption of new contemporary energy power source, is vital to Kenya’s attainment of the development agenda as envisaged in Vision 2030 hence Kenya nuclear energy plans comes in handy. Over and above that, Kenya has already constituted a fully-fledged semi-autonomous board the Kenya Nuclear Electricity Board (KNEB) that reports directly to the Ministry of Energy & Petroleum on nuclear power issues.
In a nut shell how is it then possible to worry about global warming which is the current adverse global phenomenal and not be pro-nuclear.